Ukuhlaziywa kwezitayela zamanje nezesikhathi esizayo zezokuthutha zamazwe ngamazwe ngaphansi kobhubhane lwango-2021

Embonini yezokuthutha, izigigaba ezeqisayo bezilokhu zenzeka isikhathi esingaphezu kwesigamu sonyaka.Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ukuminyana, ukushoda kwamabhokisi angenalutho, ukukhuphuka kwempahla, okuhlanganisa ukushoda komthamo wesitimela, ukushoda kwemikhumbi, nokuntuleka kwamaloli, akukho nesisodwa esibangela umsuka owodwa.Inkinga manje ukuthi yonke into iyashoda.
Ukusalela emuva okukhulu kwamakhabethe asindayo, izinkampani zemikhumbi zamazwe ngamazwe azinakho ukukhetha ngaphandle kokuthi "zigxumele emachwebeni";amazinga omthwalo wempahla akhuphukile, futhi ingcindezi emachwebeni azungezile iye yanda... Njengoba "isimiso sezinzwa esimaphakathi" senethiwekhi yomhlaba wonke yezokuthutha zasolwandle --- I-Yantian Port ibangelwa "ukwehla kancane" kwalolu bhubhane Ukusabalala kwaqala ukusabalala, futhi umthelela wayo ochungechungeni lokuhlinzekwa kwempahla emhlabeni wonke wawungaphezu kokucatshangwa.
I-Yantian Port inomlando omude wamabhokisi angaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-200 weziqukathi zokuthumela ngaphandle.Ngokusho kwalolu hlelo, kuvulekele ukwamukela i-5,000 ngosuku, futhi umthamo wamanje wokucubungula u-1/7 kuphela wokujwayelekile.
Lokhu kunjalo e-Yantian Port e-Shenzhen, e-China.Uma sibheka umhlaba, ukusilela emuva kwamachweba amabhokisi ezindaweni ezahlukahlukene kuzoba kubi kakhulu.

International transportation status (1)

Umfanekiso 1, Ichweba laseYantian

Ichweba lase-Oakland ogwini oluseNtshonalanga ye-United States lithole ama-TEU ayi-100,096 amakhonteyina angenisiwe ngo-Ephreli walo nyaka.Kungokokuqala emlandweni waleli chweba ukuthi amakhonteyina angeqile eqe ku-100 000 ngenyanga eyodwa.Inkanyezi yokuphuma kwechweba iphinde yafinyelela ku-217,993TEU, okuwukunyuka konyaka ngo-8%.Imikhumbi yamakhonteyina esuka e-Los Angeles Port kanye nase-Long Beach Port e-Southern California^ yaphambukiswa.I-CMA CGM kanye ne-Wan Hai baqale ukusebenzisa imizila eqondile esuka eMpumalanga ye-Asia ukuya echwebeni lase-Oakland, iletha inqwaba yeziqukathi ezivela kwamanye amazwe.
Ichweba lase-Los Angeles, eliqhele ngamakhilomitha angu-635, nalo licwiliswe olwandle lweziqukathi: ama-TEU angu-946,966 ngo-Ephreli, okuwukunyuka konyaka ngama-37.2%.
Enyangeni edlule, ukuthengwa kwe-United States kweziqukathi ezivela e-Asia kuzuze ukukhula konyaka ngonyaka ngama-31%, kwafinyelela kuma-TEU ayizigidi eziyi-1.57.Kulesi simo, isiminyaminya echwebeni sekuyinsakavukela umchilo wesidwaba.Emahoreni ambalwa nje edlule, uHapag-Lloyd umemezele ukuthi uzokweqa ichweba lase-Oakland enkonzweni yalo edlula iPacific West Coast.Uma izoqala kabusha, kuzoya ngokuthi ichweba lizokhululeka kanjani.

International transportation status (2)

Umfanekiso 2, Imikhumbi yama-Container ipakwe e-Oakland Port
ukuphela ogwini oluseNtshonalanga ye-United States

Umbiko wokuxoxisana nomkhaya wakwaHapag-Lloyd uxwayise abangenisa nabathumeli baseMelika ukuthi ngenxa yokwanda kokungeniswa kwamanye amazwe, zonke izikhumulo zasogwini zaseWest Coast ziminyene kakhulu, futhi ukuminyana kubikezelwa ukuthi kuzoqhubeka kulo lonke ihlobo.NgokukaMaersk, isilinganiso sesikhathi sokulinda imikhumbi ethekwini laseLos Angeles naseLong Beach sisuka evikini elilodwa kuye kwamabili.Cishe kunemikhumbi engama-40 kulayini emachwebeni amabili amakhulu: kuyilapho imikhumbi esechwebeni lase-Oakland idinga ukuma umugqa amasonto amathathu ukuze ingene echwebeni.
Amachweba amaningi namachweba awanayo indawo yokuthulula iziqukathi, ngakho anqaba ngokuqondile ukubiza imikhumbi.
Amachweba ogwini olusentshonalanga ye-United States aminyene futhi isikhathi somugqa side kakhulu, okuthinte kakhulu ishejuli yolayini obuyela e-Asia.Imikhumbi ayikwazi ukubuyela e-Asia ngesikhathi ukuze ilayishe impahla.Ukuminyana kucishe kulingane nokukhansela uhambo.Amandla asebenzayo ohwebo lwe-trans-Pacific aphinde abe nomkhawulo ngenxa yokutholakala kwamachweba kanye nokukhanselwa kohambo.UMaersk ukholelwa ukuthi kusukela ekuqaleni kwalo nyaka, amandla asuka e-Asia aye e-US West alahlekelwe ngama-20%: Kulinganiselwa ukuthi kusukela ngoJuni kuya ekupheleni kuka-Agasti, umthamo uzophinde ulahlekelwe yi-13%.
Ukuminyana kwamachweba kusho ukuthi imikhumbi ayifiki ngesikhathi futhi nokuthembeka kuyehla.Ngokwemininingwane evela ku-Sea-Intelligence Maritime Consultancy, u-78% wemikhumbi efika e-US West Port ibambezelekile, nokubambezeleka okumaphakathi kwezinsuku eziyi-10.I-Flexport ithe kungase kube nokubambezeleka kuzo zonke izixhumanisi zokunikezwa kwempahla yamazwe ngamazwe.Isibonelo, ukuthunyelwa okuvela e-Shanghai kuya endaweni yokugcina impahla yaseChicago kunwetshiwe kusukela ezinsukwini ezingama-35 ngaphambi kokugqashuka kwalesi sifo kuya ezinsukwini ezingama-73 namuhla.
Ngaso leso sikhathi, amanani ezindawo zezitsha nawo ayakhuphuka.

International transportation status (3)

Umfanekiso 3, I-Shanghai Export Container Freight Index

Kunombono wokuthi, empeleni, akukho ukushoda kokulinganisa kuphela inani lamabhokisi, imikhumbi, nezimpahla ezidinga ukuthuthwa.Inkinga eyinhloko ukuthi kuthatha isikhathi eside ukuthumela izimpahla ezivela e-Asia, eNyakatho Melika, naseYurophu.Ngokulandelayo, kuthatha isikhala somthamo esengeziwe futhi kubhebhethekise izinga elidlulele lezinkinga ezahlukahlukene.
Ukwenza izinto zibe zimbi kakhulu, ukushoda okukhulu kwamandla kusho ukuthi awekho amandla e-buffer okubhekana nezigameko zangempela.
Umkhumbi wezimpahla eziyingozi uqhume emanzini echweba laseSri Lanka, futhi umkhumbi ose-Kaohsiung Port eTaiwan washayisa u-crane.Umsebenzi wasethekwini e-Yantian Port e-Shenzhen uthole icala eliqinisekisiwe lomqhele omusha.Isiteleka sabasebenzi echwebeni laseYurophu, lezi zehlakalo zodwa zihlala zicindezela uchungechunge, futhi kuzothatha isikhathi eside ukuthi uchungechunge lokuhlinzekwa komhlaba wonke lubuyele kwesijwayelekile.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Dec-25-2021