Imikhosi yendabuko yaseShayina - Umkhosi Wasentwasahlobo

Umkhosi Wasentwasahlobo uwumkhosi obaluleke kakhulu kubantu baseShayina futhi yilapho wonke amalungu omndeni ehlangana khona, njengoKhisimusi waseNtshonalanga.Bonke abantu abahlala kude nekhaya babuyela emuva, okuba yisikhathi esimatasa kakhulu sezinhlelo zokuhamba cishe ingxenye yenyanga kusukela kuMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo.Izikhumulo zezindiza, iziteshi zesitimela neziteshi zamabhasi amabanga amade zigcwele abantu ababuyela emakhaya.

Umkhosi Wasentwasahlobo uba ngosuku loku-1 lwenyanga yoku-1, ngokuvamile ngemva kwenyanga eyodwa kunekhalenda likaGregory.Kwavela oBukhosini bakwaShang (c. 1600 BC-c. 1100 BC) kusukela ekunikeleni kwabantu konkulunkulu namadlozi ekupheleni konyaka omdala kanye nokuqala konyaka omusha.

Uma sikhuluma nje, uMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo uqala minyaka yonke ezinsukwini zokuqala zenyanga engu-12 futhi uzohlala kuze kube maphakathi nenyanga yoku-1 yonyaka olandelayo.Kuzo, izinsuku ezibaluleke kakhulu yi-Spring Festival Eva kanye nezinsuku ezintathu zokuqala.Uhulumeni waseChina manje uthi abantu banezinsuku eziyisikhombisa zokuphumula kuNyaka Omusha WaseChina.

Amasiko amaningi ahambisana noMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo.Abanye basalandelwa nanamuhla, kodwa abanye baba buthaka.

Umnyango wezimpahla

Ngosuku lwesi-8 lwenyanga ye-12, imindeni eminingi yenza iphalishi ye-labha, uhlobo olumnandi lwephalishi elenziwe ngerayisi elibilayo, unyaluthi, imbewu yezinyembezi zikaJobe, amajikijolo e-jujube, imbewu ye-lotus, ubhontshisi, i-longan ne-gingko.

Usuku lwama-23 lwenyanga ye-12 lubizwa ngokuthi u-Preliminary Eve.Ngalesi sikhathi, abantu banikela umhlatshelo kunkulunkulu wasekhishini.Nokho, manje imikhaya eminingi yenza ukudla okumnandi ukuze izijabulele.

Ngemuva kobusuku bokuqala, abantu baqala ukulungiselela uNyaka Omusha ozayo.Lokhu kubizwa ngokuthi "Ukubona Unyaka Omusha".

Ukuhlanza Indlu

Ukuhlanza izindlu ngoNyaka Omusha Ngisho kuyisiko elidala kakhulu elisukela ezinkulungwaneni zeminyaka edlule.Uthuli ngokwesiko luhlotshaniswa “nobudala” ngakho ukuhlanza izindlu zabo nokushanela uthuli kusho ukuvalelisa “okudala” nokungenisa “okusha”.Ezinsukwini ngaphambi kukaNcibijane, imindeni yamaShayina ihlanza izindlu zayo, ishanele phansi, iwashe izinto zansuku zonke, ihlanza ulwembu lwesicabucabu futhi igubhe nemisele.Abantu benza zonke lezi zinto ngenjabulo ngethemba lonyaka omuhle ozayo.

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Umhlobiso wendlu

Omunye wemihlobiso yendlu ukufaka ama-couplets eminyango.Wonke amaphaneli eminyango azonamathiselwa ngama-couplets oMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo, agqamisa i-calligraphy yesi-Chinese enezinhlamvu ezimnyama ephepheni elibomvu.Okuqukethwe kuyahlukahluka kusukela ezifisweni zabanikazi bezindlu ngekusasa eliqhakazile kuye ekufiseni inhlanhla onyakeni omusha.Futhi, izithombe zikankulunkulu weminyango nengcebo zizofakwa eminyango yangaphambili ukuze kuxoshwe imimoya emibi futhi zamukele ukuthula nokuchichima.Emibhangqwaneni yoMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo, izilokotho ezinhle zivezwa.Imibhangqwana Yonyaka Omusha ivamise ukuthunyelwa ngababili njengoba ngisho nezinombolo zihlotshaniswa nenhlanhla nokuba nenhlanhla ngesiko lamaShayina.

Umlingiswa wesiShayina othi “fu” (okusho isibusiso noma injabulo) uyimfuneko.Uhlamvu olubekwe ephepheni lunganamathiselwa ngokujwayelekile noma lubheke phansi, ngoba ngesiShayina igama elithi “reversed fu” lifana nelinye elithi “fu comes”, womabili aphinyiselwa ngokuthi “fudaole.”Ngaphezu kwalokho, izibani ezimbili ezinkulu ezibomvu zingavuswa nhlangothi zombili zomnyango wangaphambili.Ukusikwa kwamaphepha abomvu kungabonakala engilazini yefasitela kanye nemidwebo yoNyaka Omusha enemibala egqamile enezincazelo ezinhle ingase ibekwe odongeni.

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Ilinde Ukukhala Kwensimbi Yokuqala Yonyaka Omusha WaseShayina

Ukukhala kwensimbi yokuqala kuwuphawu loNyaka Omusha WaseShayina.Abantu baseShayina bathanda ukuya ezigcawini ezinkulu lapho kunezinsimbi ezinkulu ezibekwa khona ngoNcibijane.Njengoba uNyaka Omusha usondela babala phansi futhi bagubhe ndawonye.Abantu bakholelwa ukuthi ukukhala kwensimbi enkulu kungaxosha wonke amashwa futhi kulethe ingcebo kubo.

Umkhosi Wonyaka Omusha

Umkhosi Wasentwasahlobo yisikhathi sokuhlangana komndeni.Ngaleso sikhathi, wonke amalungu omndeni adla isidlo sakusihlwa ndawonye.Isidlo siwubukhazikhazi kakhulu kunokujwayelekile.Izitsha ezifana nenkukhu, inhlanzi kanye ne-curd kabhontshisi azikwazi ukukhishwa, ngoba ngesiShayina, ukuphimisela kwazo, ngokulandelana “ji”, “yu” kanye “ne-doufu,” kusho ubumnandi, ukuchichima nokunotha.Ukudla okudliwa ngoNyaka Omusha Ngisho nedili liyahlukahluka kuye ngezifunda.Eningizimu yeShayina, Kujwayelekile ukudla i-'niangao' (ikhekhe Lonyaka Omusha elenziwe ngofulawa werayisi oshibilikayo) ngoba njenge-homophone, elithi niangao lisho 'ukuphakama nangaphezulu minyaka yonke'.Enyakatho, isidlo esivamile sedili i-'Jiaozi' noma amadombolo amise okwenyanga ecwebezelayo.Ngemva kwesidlo sakusihlwa, wonke umndeni uzohlala ndawonye, ​​​​uxoxe futhi ubukele i-TV.Eminyakeni yakamuva, iphathi yoMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo esakazwa e-China Central Television Station (CCTV) iwukuzijabulisa okubalulekile kwamaShayina ekhaya naphesheya.

Ukulala ebusuku ('Shousui')

I-Shousui isho ukuhlala kuze kuhlwe noma ubusuku bonke ngoNcibijane.Ngemva kwesidlo sakusihlwa esikhulu, imindeni ihlala ndawonye futhi ixoxe ngenjabulo ukuze ilinde ukufika kukaNcibijane.

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Ukusetha ama-Firecrackers

I-Lighting Firecrackers yayivame ukuba ngelinye lamasiko abaluleke kakhulu ekugubheni uMkhosi Wasentwasahlobo.Nokho, mayelana nengozi nomsindo ongemuhle ongase ulethwe iziqhumane, uhulumeni uwuvimbele lo mkhuba emadolobheni amaningi amakhulu.Kodwa abantu basemadolobheni amancane nasezindaweni zasemaphandleni basabambelele kulo mgubho wesintu.Njengoba nje iwashi lishaya ihora le-12 phakathi kwamabili ngobusuku Bangaphambi KukaNcibijane, amadolobha namadolobhana akhanya ngokukhazimula kweziqhumane, futhi umsindo ungavala izindlebe.Imindeni ilindele lesi sikhathi esijabulisayo futhi izingane ezineziqhumane esandleni esisodwa kanye nokukhanyisa kwesinye ngenjabulo zikhanyisa injabulo yazo kulesi senzakalo esikhethekile, nakuba zivale izindlebe zazo.

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Ukubingelela konyaka omusha(Bai Nian)

Ngosuku lokuqala loNyaka Omusha noma maduze nje, wonke umuntu ugqoka izingubo ezintsha futhi abingelele izihlobo nabangane ngeminsalo kanye ne-Gongxi (siyakuhalalisela),sifiselane inhlanhla, injabulo onyakeni omusha.Ezigodini zamaShayina, ezinye izakhamuzi zingase zibe nezihlobo ezingamakhulu ngakho kudingeka zichithe isikhathi esingaphezu kwamasonto amabili zivakashela izihlobo zazo.

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Imali Yesipho

Yimali enikezwa izingane ezivela kubazali bazo nakogogo nomkhulu njengesipho sikaNcibijane.Le mali kukholakala ukuthi iletha inhlanhla, ixoshe izilo;yingakho kuthiwa 'imali yenhlanhla'.

Abazali kanye nogogo nomkhulu baqala ukufaka imali ezimvilophini ezincane, ezenziwe ikakhulukazi ezibomvu futhi banikeze izingane zabo izimvilophu ezibomvu ngemva koMkhosi KaNcibijane noma lapho bezowavakashela ngoNyaka Omusha.Bakhetha ukufaka imali ezimvilophini ezibomvu ngoba amaShayina acabanga ukuthi umbala obomvu umbala wenhlanhla.Bafuna ukunikeza izingane zabo kokubili imali yesipho senhlanhla nombala wenhlanhla.

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Isimo sezulu asigcini nje ngokugcwalisa yonke imizi, kodwa singena emigwaqweni nasezindleleni.Uchungechunge lwemisebenzi efana nokudansa kwamabhubesi, ukudansa kwe-dragon lantern, imikhosi yezibani nemibukiso yasethempelini izobanjwa izinsuku.Umkhosi Wasentwasahlobo ube usuphela lapho uMkhosi Wezibani usuphelile.sdfsd


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jan-21-2022